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Colon Resection Surgery

When discussing colon resection surgery, the first thing that usually comes to mind is colon cancer. In reality, colon cancer is only one of the reasons colon resection surgery is performed. Resecting the colon is also sometimes necessary for people suffering from intestinal polyps, gastrointestinal bleeding, bowel obstructions, and many other digestive disorders.

Exactly What is Colon Resection?

Colon resection surgery involves removing a bad portion of colon and reconnecting the remaining “good” sections. The medical term for the reconnection is an end-to-end anastomosis.

Instances may arise in which the two healthy sections of colon cannot be reconnected properly. In this case, the surgeon may create a colostomy—a temporary tube allowing waste to be removed from the body. A colostomy is usually a temporary fix permitting the colon time to heal before the anastomosis can be performed. Approximately fifteen percent of all patients suffering from colorectal cancer must receive a permanent colostomy.

How Do You Perform A Bowel Resection?

Colon resection surgery can be performed in either of two ways—open or Laparoscopic procedures.

Open Surgery

In open surgery, the procedure is performed with the patient under general anesthetic. A catheter is inserted to both monitor the patient’s urine output as well as keep them hydrated.

After it is cleaned with antiseptic, an incision is made in the abdomen. The surgeon locates the affected portion of the colon and seals it a little bit away from the diseased areas. The surgeon then removes the diseased section and opens the sealed portions of colon to perform the anastomosis. The connection is usually completed with staples or via hand suturing. Open surgery colon resection can take approximately three hours to complete depending on the nature and the severity of the damaged tissue.


The second type of colon resection surgery is laparoscopy—an innovative technique with many advantages over traditional surgery. In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes four to five small incisions in the abdomen. A small telescopic camera, called a laparoscope, is manipulated within the abdomen so the surgeon can examine the colon.

Once the diseased section is located, surgical instruments are inserted through the other incisions and the affected part of the colon is removed. The anastomosis is then performed to join together the two healthy sections of the colon.

Laparoscopic surgery is gaining popularity over open surgery due to several key advantages such as:

  • Less pain after operation
  • Speedier recovery and healing time
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Smaller scars
  • Faster return to normal colon function

What to Expect After Colon Resection Surgery

While the procedure still takes two to three hours, the time the patient spends in the operating room is lessened by the fact there is no large incision to suture. Before having the colon resection surgery, a few steps must be completed. A colonoscopy and complete blood tests should be performed. Other tests your doctor may want include:

  • Abdominal CT scan
  • Chest X-ray
  • EKG

Your doctor will probably prescribe antibiotics to be taken before the surgery and a lean diet intended to give your colon time to empty out. The less waste there is in your colon during the surgery, the less chance you’ll have for developing an infection.

On the day of surgery, you will be instructed to arrive early to drink a liquid laxative. Because the laxative works quickly and effectively, you will also receive fluids from an IV to prevent dehydration.

If you are having the open surgery, you can expect a hospital stay of about three to ten days. By comparison, the stay for laparoscopic surgery is about two to three days. In general, colon resection patients can return to normal, non-strenuous activities in about one to three weeks. Heavy lifting or strenuous activity should be avoided for a minimum of four to six weeks following surgery of this type.

If you experience rectal bleeding, swelling around the incision site, drainage or bleeding from the incision area, or experience sudden fever or pain, it’s important to contact your doctor immediately.

Is There Any Way to Optimize Digestive Health?

Colon resection surgery is usually a safe procedure and has been used to save the lives of hundreds of thousands of people. It’s important to consult with your doctor regarding your symptoms. Of course, it would be best if you could avoid the need for surgery. Begin now to implement the following lifestyle modifications and you can decrease your chances of developing an impaired digestive system.

  1. Adopt a high fiber diet centered on a wide variety of organic raw vegetables, fresh fruits, lean meats (preferably poultry and fish), whole-wheat breads and pastas, and nuts and grains.
  2. Engage in regular exercise to the extent of your capability. Sweating is one of the best body detoxifiers possible. Strengthening your muscles and immune system through exercise can lead to more efficient digestion and elimination processes.
  3. Drink at least eight 8 oz. glasses of purified water a day. Avoid tap water is it’s permitted by law to contain certain trace amounts of chlorine, heavy metals, bacteria, and other pollutants.
  4. Make sure you receive plenty of sleep at night and take little breaks throughout the day. Find ways to walk in nature, enjoying the sight and feel of being surrounded by trees, grass, squirrels, birds, and other pleasing fauna.
  5. Try colon cleansing as a proactive measure for keeping waste from accumulating in your colon in the first place. A high quality colon cleansing products like Oxy-Powder® can help you achieve optimal health by aiding your colon in its job of eliminating waste.
    Oxy-Powder®’s powerful ingredients work with your body’s natural HCl (stomach acid) to generate beneficial nascent oxygen for liquefying impacted, hardened fecal debris so it can be easily removed. Furthermore, Oxy-Powder® contains only natural minerals so it’s not addictive like harsh laxatives, herbal cleansers, and other chemical based products.

Keeping your colon clean can work wonders for your health!

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